Exploding head syndrome (EHS) is a type of parasomnia whose symptoms are exactly what you might expect. EHS is characterized by an imaginary loud bang that is experienced right before falling asleep, and can sound like an explosion. It can also occur during a sudden awakening in the middle of the night. EHS is often confused with other headache syndromes, such as migraines. But keep in mind that headaches will normally cause a great amount of pain, while exploding head syndrome is painless.
Here is a look at the speculated causes of EHS, and the treatment options you can seek if this is a recurring problem for you.
What Causes Exploding Head Syndrome?
The cause of exploding head syndrome is not currently known. However, there are various theories to explain what triggers EHS. Leading experts at the American Sleep Association believe that EHS may be the result of a a minor temporal lobe seizure, and other medical experts have speculated that impairments in calcium signaling or neurological dysfunction is to blame.
Regardless of the biological cause, EHS is known to occur in people who are very tired or stressed. Fortunately, most patients experience episodes of EHS less frequently over time.
If you have noticed that you regularly lack sleep or are often under considerable stress, it may be time to explore relaxation techniques to ease your anxiety and improve your sleep quality.
If you suspect that you may be experiencing exploding head syndrome, schedule a consultation with Dr. Shukla today to improve your sleep and quality of life.