Top 7 Childhood Respiratory Diseases

Children are susceptible to several respiratory issues as they develop. From sensitive environments to unclean air circulation, there are many things that can trigger some not-so-savory symptoms in your young loved one. It is important to consistently manage your child’s health and track any symptoms that may appear. Should you observe any breathing difficulties, you should contact the office of Dr. Mayank Shukla’s practice right away. Below, we cover the top 7 childhood respiratory diseases.

Top 7 Childhood Respiratory Diseases

Our specialized asthma doctor knows that diagnosing your child’s breathing problems is a stressful experience, so we have compiled this short guide to help you and your loved one out. Below, you’ll find a list of the top 7 childhood respiratory diseases that can be commonly found in kids.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Respiratory Syncytial Virus, or RSV, is a prevalent lung infection typically affecting infants aged under two. Children over two years old are generally not susceptible, so it is most important to monitor your infant child for the symptoms of RSV, which can include coughing and wheezing. If you notice your infant experiencing frequent coughing or breathing difficulties, seek immediate medical evaluation.


Asthma is a chronic condition that is all too common in kids. Some doctors believe that asthma in children leads to COPD in adults, which can cause more severe symptoms over time. Asthma is typically identified by the narrowing of specific airways that happens within the respiratory system, resulting in labored breathing and persistent coughing. Environmental factors like allergies or stress can trigger asthma attacks in children, leading to gasping for air and recurrent coughing. There are many advanced asthma treatments available at the office of Dr. Mayank Shukla for kids of all ages.


Bronchitis, a lower respiratory infection, involves the lungs and airways. Viral infections in the respiratory system can lead to a prolonged cough, symptoms of feverishness, and the inability to clear the throat. Bronchitis typically lasts for more than a week, with symptoms worsening over time. Make sure your child visits the doctor ASAP for the best bronchitis treatment.

Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial Lung Disease is actually an umbrella disease that encompasses various lung and respiratory disorders, each varying in severity and cause. Certain types of ILD can include Neuroendocrine Hyperplasia, Chronic Bronchitis, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, Connective Tissue Lung Disease, Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia, and Lung Growth Abnormalities. While the symptoms of all these different diseases can be very similar, a precise diagnosis is necessary for the appropriate treatment.


Pneumonia, a potentially severe lung infection, commonly affects infants and young children. While adults are susceptible to pneumonia as well, kids are more prone to this viral infection that affects the lungs. Symptoms include coughing, rapid breathing, high fever, chills, fatigue, and difficulty staying awake. Prompt medical attention is imperative for pneumonia.

Seasonal Allergies

Children as young as three can develop allergies to different pollens and allergens in the air that occur during different times of the year. Symptoms may manifest as eye rubbing, constant sniffling, nasal congestion, eye redness, or inflammation, which can also indicate shortness of breath and asthma. It can be difficult to identify asthma triggers, so pay close attention to the environment your child spends time in.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea, or obstructive sleep apnea, involves temporary breathing cessation during sleep due to temporary airway blockage. This condition may result in disrupted oxygen flow to the brain, prompting the body to struggle for breath. Sleeping kids usually gasp or stop breathing momentarily throughout the night as a visible symptom of sleep apnea. Typically, physical movements unblock airways, restoring normal breathing.

Access the Best Pediatric Pulmonary Care in NYC

Whether your child exhibits respiratory symptoms or not, consulting a specialist is wise. Visit Dr. Mayank Shukla’s office to explore the finest pediatric pulmonology care in NYC, safeguarding your child against potential respiratory illnesses. With both short-term and long-term solutions available, ensure your child’s optimal health. Contact your most trusted kids asthma doctor in Long Island to schedule an appointment for an allergy consultation.

Find Us On Map
Find a clinic near you
Call for an appointment!
Call for an appointment!
Send an Email
Feel free to message Us!